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Cardiac Genetic Predisposition in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

David J. Tester, Leonie C.H. Wong, Pritha Chanana, Amie Jaye, Jared M. Evans, David R. FitzPatrick, Margaret J. Evans, Peter Fleming, Iona Jeffrey, Marta C. Cohen, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Michael A. Simpson, Elijah R Behr, Michael J. Ackerman

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Early online date12 Mar 2018
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 12 Mar 2018

King's Authors

Abstract

Background

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of postneonatal mortality. Genetic heart diseases (GHDs) underlie some cases of SIDS.ObjectivesThis study aimed to determine the spectrum and prevalence of GHD-associated mutations as a potential monogenic basis for SIDS.MethodsA cohort of 419 unrelated SIDS cases (257 male; average age 2.7 ± 1.9 months) underwent whole exome sequencing and a targeted analysis of 90 GHD-susceptibility genes. The yield of “potentially informative,” ultra-rare variants (minor allele frequency <0.00005) in GHD-associated genes was assessed.

Results

Overall, 53 of 419 (12.6%) SIDS cases had ≥1 “potentially informative,” GHD-associated variant. The yield was 14.9% (21 of 141) for mixed-European ancestry cases and 11.5% (32 of 278) for European ancestry SIDS cases. Infants older than 4 months were more likely to host a “potentially informative” GHD-associated variant. There was significant overrepresentation of ultra-rare nonsynonymous variants in European SIDS cases (18 of 278 [6.5%]) versus European control subjects (30 of 973 [3.1%]; p = 0.013) when combining all 4 major cardiac channelopathy genes (KCNQ1, KCNH2, SCN5A, and RYR2). According to the American College of Medical Genetics guidelines, only 18 of 419 (4.3%) SIDS cases hosted a “pathogenic” or “likely pathogenic” variant.
Conclusions

Less than 15% of more than 400 SIDS cases had a “potentially informative” variant in a GHD-susceptibility gene, predominantly in the 4- to 12-month age group. Only 4.3% of cases possessed immediately clinically actionable variants. Consistent with previous studies, ultra-rare, nonsynonymous variants within the major cardiac channelopathy-associated genes were overrepresented in SIDS cases in infants of European ethnicity. These findings have major implications for the investigation of SIDS cases and families.

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