Cardiac magnetic resonance and electroanatomical mapping of acute and chronic atrial ablation injury: a histological validation study

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Abstract

Aims
To provide a comprehensive histopathological validation of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and endocardial voltage mapping of acute and chronic atrial ablation injury.

Methods and results
16 pigs underwent pre-ablation T2-weighted (T2W) and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) CMR and high-density voltage mapping of the right atrium (RA) and both were repeated after intercaval linear radiofrequency ablation. Eight pigs were sacrificed following the procedure for pathological examination. A further eight pigs were recovered for 8 weeks, before chronic CMR, repeat RA voltage mapping and pathological examination. Signal intensity (SI) thresholds from 0 to 15 SD above a reference SI were used to segment the RA in CMR images and segmentations compared with real lesion volumes.

The SI thresholds that best approximated histological volumes were 2.3 SD for LGE post-ablation, 14.5 SD for T2W post-ablation and 3.3 SD for LGE chronically. T2-weighted chronically always underestimated lesion volume. Acute histology showed transmural injury with coagulative necrosis. Chronic histology showed transmural fibrous scar. The mean voltage at the centre of the ablation line was 3.3 mV pre-ablation, 0.6 mV immediately post-ablation, and 0.3 mV chronically.

ConclusionThis study presents the first histopathological validation of CMR and endocardial voltage mapping to define acute and chronic atrial ablation injury, including SI thresholds that best match histological lesion volumes. An understanding of these thresholds may allow a more informed assessment of the underlying atrial substrate immediately after ablation and before repeat catheter ablation for atrial arrhythmias.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1486–1495
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume35
Issue number22
Early online date12 Jan 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2014

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