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Cardiac Myosin-binding Protein C – from bench to improved diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
JournalCardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Early online date8 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jan 2019

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King's Authors

Abstract

Chest pain is responsible for 6-10% of all presentations to acute healthcare providers. Triage is inherently difficult and heavily reliant on the quantification of cardiac Troponin (cTn), as a minority of patients with an ultimate diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction present with clear diagnostic features such as ST-elevation on the electrocardiogram. Owing to slow release and disappearance of cTn, many patients require repeat blood testing or present with stable but elevated concentrations of the best available biomarker and are thus caught at the interplay of sensitivity and specificity.
We identified cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyC) in coronary venous effluent and developed a high-sensitivity assay by producing an array of monoclonal antibodies and choosing an ideal pair based on affinity and epitope maps. Compared to high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin (hs-cTn), we demonstrated that cMyC appears earlier and rises faster following myocardial necrosis. In this review, we discuss discovery and structure of cMyC, as well as the migration from a comparably insensitive to a high-sensitivity assay facilitating first clinical studies. This assay was subsequently used to describe relative abundance of the protein, compare sensitivity to two high-sensitivity cTn assays and test diagnostic performance in over 1,900 patients presenting with chest pain and suspected AMI. A standout feature was cMyC’s ability to more effectively triage patients. This distinction is likely related to the documented greater abundance and more rapid release profile, which could significantly improve the early triage of patients with suspected AMI.

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