Cardiometabolic crosstalk in obesity-associated arterial hypertension

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abdominal obesity and elevated blood pressure commonly occur in the same patient and are key components of the metabolic syndrome. However, the association between obesity and increased blood pressure is variable. We review mechanisms linking cardiovascular and metabolic disease in such patients including altered systemic and regional hemodynamic control, neurohumoral activation, and relative natriuretic peptide deficiency. Moreover, we discuss recent results using omics techniques providing insight in molecular pathways linking adiposity, metabolic disease, and arterial hypertension. Recognition of the mechanisms orchestrating the crosstalk between cardiovascular and metabolic regulation in individual patients may lead to better and more precise treatments. It is reassuring that recently developed cardiovascular and metabolic medications may in fact ameliorate, both, cardiovascular and metabolic risks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-28
Number of pages10
JournalReviews in endocrine & metabolic disorders
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Humans
  • Hypertension/epidemiology
  • Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology
  • Obesity/epidemiology

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