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Cardiovascular risk factors among young adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

P Bustos, H Amigo, A Arteaga, A M Acosta, R J Rona

Translated title of the contributionCardiovascular risk factors among young adults
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)973 - 980
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Medica de Chile
Volume131
Issue number9
PublishedSep 2003

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: A precise knowledge of the prevalence and importance of cardiovascular risk factors will facilitate the development of preventive strategies. Aim: To study cardiovascular risk factors among healthy young adults. Subjects and methods: Eight hundred and fifty subjects aged 22 to 28 years, living in two cities in Valparaiso province, were studied. Weight, height and blood pressure wore recorded. A fasting blood sample was obtained from 806 individuals (54% female), to measure plasma lipids, glucose and insulin levels, to estimate their homeostasis model assessment scores (HOMA) and to evaluate the occurrence of metabolic syndrome. Results: Five percent of the studied population bad high blood pressure, 14% bad obesity, 57% smoked, 25% bad high total cholesterol levels, 10.5% bad high levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol, 46% bad low levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol, 16% had high triglyceride levels, 36% bad insulin resistance, 7% bad a metabolic syndrome, 14% were heavy drinkers and 38% were sedentary. Women had a higher prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome. In only 24% of the studied subjects, no risk factor was identified. Conclusions: A high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was found in this population of young adults.

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