CAS-Net: Conditional Atlas Generation and Brain Segmentation for Fetal MRI

Liu Li*, Matthew Sinclair, Antonios Makropoulos, Joseph V. Hajnal, A. David Edwards, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert, Amir Alansary

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is used in prenatal diagnosis and to assess early brain development. Accurate segmentation of the different brain tissues is a vital step in several brain analysis tasks, such as cortical surface reconstruction and tissue thickness measurements. Fetal MRI scans, however, are prone to motion artifacts that can affect the correctness of both manual and automatic segmentation techniques. In this paper, we propose a novel network structure that can simultaneously generate conditional atlases and predict brain tissue segmentation, called CAS-Net. The conditional atlases provide anatomical priors that can constrain the segmentation connectivity, despite the heterogeneity of intensity values caused by motion or partial volume effects. The proposed method is trained and evaluated on 253 subjects from the developing Human Connectome Project (dHCP). The results demonstrate that the proposed method can generate conditional age-specific atlas with sharp boundary and shape variance. It also segment multi-category brain tissues for fetal MRI with a high overall Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) of 85.2 % for the selected 9 tissue labels.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUncertainty for Safe Utilization of Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, and Perinatal Imaging, Placental and Preterm Image Analysis - 3rd International Workshop, UNSURE 2021, and 6th International Workshop, PIPPI 2021, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2021, Proceedings
EditorsCarole H. Sudre, Roxane Licandro, Christian Baumgartner, Andrew Melbourne, Adrian Dalca, Jana Hutter, Ryutaro Tanno, Esra Abaci Turk, Koen Van Leemput, Jordina Torrents Barrena, William M. Wells, Christopher Macgowan
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages221-230
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030877347
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event3rd International Workshop on Uncertainty for Safe Utilization of Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, UNSURE 2021, and the 6th International Workshop on Perinatal, Preterm and Paediatric Image Analysis, PIPPI 2021, held in conjunction with the 24th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 1 Oct 20211 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12959 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference3rd International Workshop on Uncertainty for Safe Utilization of Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, UNSURE 2021, and the 6th International Workshop on Perinatal, Preterm and Paediatric Image Analysis, PIPPI 2021, held in conjunction with the 24th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period1/10/20211/10/2021

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