Cdkn1c drives muscle differentiation through a positive feedback loop with Myod

Daniel P. S. Osborn, Kuoyu Li, Yaniv Hinits, Simon Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Differentiation often requires conversion of analogue signals to a stable binary output through positive feedback. Hedgehog (Hh) signalling promotes myogenesis in the vertebrate somite, in part by raising the activity of muscle regulatory factors (MRFs) of the Myod family above a threshold. Hh is known to enhance MRF expression. Here we show that Hh is also essential at a second step that increases Myod protein activity, permitting it to promote Myogenin expression. Hh acts by inducing expression of cdkn1c (p57(Kip2)) in slow muscle precursor cells, but neither Hh nor Cdkn1c is required for their cell cycle exit. Cdkn1c co-operates with Myod to drive differentiation of several early zebrafish muscle fibre types. Myod in turn up-regulates cdkn1c, thereby providing a positive feedback loop that switches myogenic cells to terminal differentiation. Crown Copyright (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-475
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2011


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