Change processes in cognitive therapy for social anxiety disorder delivered in routine clinical practice

Graham R. Thew*, Anke Ehlers, Nick Grey, Jennifer Wild, Emma Warnock-Parkes, Rachelle L. Dawson, David M. Clark

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Most studies examining processes of change in psychological therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD) have analysed data from randomised controlled trials in research settings. Method: To assess whether these findings are representative of routine clinical practice, we analysed audit data from two samples of patients who received Cognitive Therapy for SAD (total N = 271). Three process variables (self-focused attention, negative social cognitions, and depressed mood) were examined using multilevel structural equation models. Results: Significant indirect effects were observed for all three variables in both samples, with negative social cognitions showing the strongest percent mediation effect. 'Reversed' relationships, where social anxiety predicted subsequent process variable scores, were also supported. Conclusion: The findings suggest the processes of change in this treatment may be similar between research trials and routine care.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2947
JournalClinical Psychology in Europe
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Change processes
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Mediation
  • Social anxiety
  • Structural equation model

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