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CHAPTER 117 Stroke: epidemiology of different types of strokes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxford Textbook of Geriatric Medicine
EditorsJean-Pierre Michel, Lynn Beattie, Finbarr Martin, Jeremy Walston
PublisherOxford University Press
Pages907-912
Edition3rd
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

King's Authors

Abstract

This chapter describes the epidemiology of stroke, a major cause of disability and premature death worldwide. The accurate classification of strokes is critical in conducting research and guiding clinical management. There are a number of classifications in clinical use, although a precise delineation of stroke subtypes requires the integration of clinical features, findings from diagnostic tests, and knowledge about potential aetiologic factors. Variations in incidence and mortality rates after stroke represent complex interactions between changing population demographics and risk factors, the availability and accessibility of preventative and curative measures, and differences in methods of case ascertainment worldwide. However, the widening gap between low- and high-income countries remains a significant challenge for long-term stroke strategies and this must be addressed before a true worldwide reduction in stroke incidence and mortality can be demonstrated.

KEYWORDS
epidemiology
stroke classification
incidence
prevalence
risk factors
healthcare services

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