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Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties

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Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties. / Mccarthy, J.; Chaplin, E.; Underwood, L.; Forrester, A.; Hayward, H.; Sabet, J.; Young, S.; Asherson, P.; Mills, R.; Murphy, D.

In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Vol. 60, No. 3, 03.2016, p. 201-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Mccarthy, J, Chaplin, E, Underwood, L, Forrester, A, Hayward, H, Sabet, J, Young, S, Asherson, P, Mills, R & Murphy, D 2016, 'Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties', Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 201-206. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12237

APA

Mccarthy, J., Chaplin, E., Underwood, L., Forrester, A., Hayward, H., Sabet, J., ... Murphy, D. (2016). Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(3), 201-206. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12237

Vancouver

Mccarthy J, Chaplin E, Underwood L, Forrester A, Hayward H, Sabet J et al. Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2016 Mar;60(3):201-206. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12237

Author

Mccarthy, J. ; Chaplin, E. ; Underwood, L. ; Forrester, A. ; Hayward, H. ; Sabet, J. ; Young, S. ; Asherson, P. ; Mills, R. ; Murphy, D. / Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties. In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2016 ; Vol. 60, No. 3. pp. 201-206.

Bibtex Download

@article{1cb2a7f95e3b4c1c811a1c424dab0ccc,
title = "Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties",
abstract = "Background: Previous studies have found high rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) within the criminal justice system (CJS). However, little is understood about prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties (NDD) or their needs. This study aimed to identify prisoners with NDD and compare their characteristics with prisoners without NDD on a range of socio-demographic and social functioning measures. Method: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out using face-to-face interviews with 240 participants in a London Category C prison. Standardised tools were used to assess prisoners for ADHD, ASD and ID. Results: The study identified 87 prisoners who screened positive for one or more type of NDD. Participants with NDD were significantly younger and more likely to be single [(odds ratio) OR=2.1], homeless (OR=3.4) or unemployed (OR=2.6) before they came into prison. They also had poorer educational achievements that those without NDD. Over 80{\%} of those with NDD had a previous conviction or imprisonment. Conclusions: The findings confirm the presence of significant numbers of people with NDD in a male prison. Services across the CJS are required for this group; specifically, there is a need for raised awareness among those working in the CJS to improve the recognition of offenders with NDD. Services in the community need to work with individuals with NDD who are at risk of offending, targeting those who are homeless, unemployed and have poor employment opportunities.",
keywords = "ADHD, Autism spectrum disorder, Forensic, Intellectual disability, Prison",
author = "J. Mccarthy and E. Chaplin and L. Underwood and A. Forrester and H. Hayward and J. Sabet and S. Young and P. Asherson and R. Mills and D. Murphy",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/jir.12237",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "201--206",
journal = "Journal of Intellectual Disability Research",
issn = "0964-2633",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties

AU - Mccarthy, J.

AU - Chaplin, E.

AU - Underwood, L.

AU - Forrester, A.

AU - Hayward, H.

AU - Sabet, J.

AU - Young, S.

AU - Asherson, P.

AU - Mills, R.

AU - Murphy, D.

PY - 2016/3

Y1 - 2016/3

N2 - Background: Previous studies have found high rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) within the criminal justice system (CJS). However, little is understood about prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties (NDD) or their needs. This study aimed to identify prisoners with NDD and compare their characteristics with prisoners without NDD on a range of socio-demographic and social functioning measures. Method: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out using face-to-face interviews with 240 participants in a London Category C prison. Standardised tools were used to assess prisoners for ADHD, ASD and ID. Results: The study identified 87 prisoners who screened positive for one or more type of NDD. Participants with NDD were significantly younger and more likely to be single [(odds ratio) OR=2.1], homeless (OR=3.4) or unemployed (OR=2.6) before they came into prison. They also had poorer educational achievements that those without NDD. Over 80% of those with NDD had a previous conviction or imprisonment. Conclusions: The findings confirm the presence of significant numbers of people with NDD in a male prison. Services across the CJS are required for this group; specifically, there is a need for raised awareness among those working in the CJS to improve the recognition of offenders with NDD. Services in the community need to work with individuals with NDD who are at risk of offending, targeting those who are homeless, unemployed and have poor employment opportunities.

AB - Background: Previous studies have found high rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) within the criminal justice system (CJS). However, little is understood about prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties (NDD) or their needs. This study aimed to identify prisoners with NDD and compare their characteristics with prisoners without NDD on a range of socio-demographic and social functioning measures. Method: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out using face-to-face interviews with 240 participants in a London Category C prison. Standardised tools were used to assess prisoners for ADHD, ASD and ID. Results: The study identified 87 prisoners who screened positive for one or more type of NDD. Participants with NDD were significantly younger and more likely to be single [(odds ratio) OR=2.1], homeless (OR=3.4) or unemployed (OR=2.6) before they came into prison. They also had poorer educational achievements that those without NDD. Over 80% of those with NDD had a previous conviction or imprisonment. Conclusions: The findings confirm the presence of significant numbers of people with NDD in a male prison. Services across the CJS are required for this group; specifically, there is a need for raised awareness among those working in the CJS to improve the recognition of offenders with NDD. Services in the community need to work with individuals with NDD who are at risk of offending, targeting those who are homeless, unemployed and have poor employment opportunities.

KW - ADHD

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - Forensic

KW - Intellectual disability

KW - Prison

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84951850429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jir.12237

DO - 10.1111/jir.12237

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 201

EP - 206

JO - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

JF - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

SN - 0964-2633

IS - 3

ER -

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