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Children's collaborative recall of shared and unshared information

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Michaela Gummerum, Patrick John Leman, Tara Hollins

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-317
JournalBritish Journal of Developmental Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

King's Authors


This study examined age differences in collaborative inhibition and the role of inter-subjectivity, collective information sampling and collaborative inhibition for the collaborative recall of shared and unshared information in groups of 7- and 9-year-old children. Three-hundred and thirteen 7- and 9-year-old children recalled memorized wordlists either in real or nominal groups of three. All group members either recalled the same items, or each group member was given some unique items. Nine-year-olds, but not 7-year-olds, recalled significantly more items in nominal than real groups, a phenomenon called collaborative inhibition. Groups, whose interactions were characterised by higher numbers of inter-subjective exchanges, recalled fewer words than groups low in inter-subjectivity. In both age groups, a higher proportion of shared compared to unshared information was recalled consistent with processes of collective information sampling. However, 7-year-olds recalled more unshared items than predicted suggesting that collaborative inhibition additionally contributes to the recall of shared and unshared items.

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