King's College London

Research portal

Choosing Lobbying Sides: The General Data Protection Regulation of the European Union

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Ece Özlem Arikan, Adam William Chalmers

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-564
JournalJournal Of Public Policy
Issue number4
Early online date26 Sep 2018
Accepted/In press10 Jun 2018
E-pub ahead of print26 Sep 2018
PublishedDec 2019


King's Authors


Despite the impressive amount of empirical research on lobbying, a fundamental question remains overlooked. How do interest groups choose to lobby different sides of an issue? We argue that how groups choose sides is a function of firm-level economic activity. By studying a highly salient regulatory issue, the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation, and using a novel dataset of lobbying, we reveal that a group’s main economic sector matters most. Firms operating in finance and retail face unique costs and are incentivized to lobby against the GDPR. However, these groups are outgunned by a large, heterogeneous group of firms with superior
lobbying firepower on the other side of the issue.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454