CKD and Pregnancy Outcomes in Africa: A Narrative Review

Sophie P. Maule, Danielle C. Ashworth, Hannah Blakey, Charlotte Osafo, Morara Moturi, Lucy C. Chappell, Kate Bramham*, Jack Milln

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes and is reported to affect up to 3% of women of reproductive age in high-income countries, but estimated prevalence may be as much as 50% higher in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). All pregnancy complications occur much more frequently in women in LMICs compared with those in high-income countries. Given the anticipated high prevalence of CKD in women of reproductive age and high rates of maternal and fetal adverse events in Africa, we sought to explore the association between CKD and pregnancy outcomes in this setting through a narrative review of the literature. This review demonstrates the paucity of data in this area and highlights the systemic barriers that exist in many African countries that prevent robust management of noncommunicable diseases such as CKD during a woman's reproductive life. This evidence gap highlights the need for further research, starting by sampling normal ranges of serum creatinine concentrations in pregnant and nonpregnant women of reproductive age in the diverse populations of Africa, estimating prevalence of CKD, and understanding associated pregnancy outcomes. Research should then focus on pragmatic interventions that may improve outcomes for women and their infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1342-1349
Number of pages8
JournalKidney International Reports
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • Africa
  • chronic kidney disease
  • CKD
  • noncommunicable disease
  • pregnancy


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