We characterise the learning of a mixture of two clouds of data points with generic centroids via empirical risk minimisation in the high dimensional regime, under the assumptions of generic convex loss and convex regularisation. Each cloud of data points is obtained by sampling from a possibly uncountable superposition of Gaussian distributions, whose variance has a generic probability density ϱ. Our analysis covers therefore a large family of data distributions, including the case of power-law-tailed distributions with no covariance. We study the generalisation performance of the obtained estimator, we analyse the role of regularisation, and the dependence of the separability transition on the distribution scale parameters.
|Title of host publication||2023 Conference on Neural Information Procecessing Systems|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 21 Sept 2023|