Clinical effectiveness of the START (STrAtegies for RelaTives) psychological intervention for family carers and the effects on the cost of care for people with dementia: 6-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial

Gill Livingston*, Monica Manela, Aidan O'Keeffe, Penny Rapaport, Claudia Cooper, Martin Knapp, Derek King, Renee Romeo, Zuzana Walker, Juanita Hoe, Cath Mummery, Julie Barber

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background The START (STrAtegies for RelaTives) intervention reduced depressive and anxiety symptoms of family carers of relatives with dementia at home over 2 years and was cost-effective.


Aims To assess the clinical effectiveness over 6 years and the impact on costs and care home admission.


Method We conducted a randomised, parallel group, superiority trial recruiting from 4 November 2009 to 8 June 2011 with 6-year follow-up (trial registration: ISCTRN 70017938). A total of 260 self-identified family carers of people with dementia were randomised 2:1 to START, an eight-session manual-based coping intervention delivered by supervised psychology graduates, or to treatment as usual (TAU). The primary outcome was affective symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, total score (HADS-T)). Secondary outcomes included patient and carer service costs and care home admission.


Results In total, 222 (85.4%) of 173 carers randomised to START and 87 to TAU were included in the 6-year clinical efficacy analysis. Over 72 months, compared with TAU, the intervention group had improved scores on HADS-T (adjusted mean difference-2.00 points, 95% CI-3.38 to-0.63). Patient-related costs (START versus TAU, respectively: median £5759 v. £16 964 in the final year; P = 0.07) and carer-related costs (median £377 v. £274 in the final year) were not significantly different between groups nor were group differences in time until care home (intensity ratio START:TAU was 0.88, 95% CI 0.58-1.35).


Conclusions START is clinically effective and this effect lasts for 6 years without increasing costs. This is the first intervention with such a long-term clinical and possible economic benefit and has potential to make a difference to individual carers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume216
Issue number1
Early online date12 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • cost
  • dementia
  • depression
  • Family carer
  • randomised controlled trial

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