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Clinical Utility of Novel Fractional Flow Reserve Pullback for Individual Lesion Contribution in Serial Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Bhavik N Modi, Ozan M Demir, Haseeb Rahman, Matthew Ryan, Sara Abou Sherif, Howard Ellis, Antonio Colombo, Divaka Perera

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E491-E496
JournalThe Journal of invasive cardiology
Issue number7
PublishedJul 2021

King's Authors


OBJECTIVES: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) pullback is frequently used to assess serially diseased arteries, but has been shown to be inaccurate due to physiological interaction between individual lesions. We evaluated the clinical utility of a novel solution that improves estimation of true FFR contribution of each stenosis in the presence of serial disease.

METHODS: Ten interventional cardiologists were presented with tiered information for 18 elective patients with serial coronary disease and submitted revascularization strategies and assessment of lesion significance. Operators were first shown clinical and angiographic information only (Angio); then, conventional practice FFR (FFRnorm); and finally, pullback with corrected FFR contributions of each stenosis (FFRpred).

RESULTS: The treatment strategy agreement between operators was k=0.39, k=0.64, and k=0.77 using Angio, FFRnorm, and FFRpred, respectively (P<.001). Lesion significance uncertainty was 26%, 28%, and 3%, respectively. The number of stents per patient was 1.49 ± 0.57, 1.50 ± 0.57, and 1.3 ± 0.5, respectively (P<.001). In total, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy changed in over 50% of cases analyzed, with participants opting for shorter stent length with FFRpred (29.5 ± 15.2 mm) compared with FFRnorm (34.1 ± 14.4 mm; P<.001) and Angio (34.6 ± 14.3; P=.04). This was accompanied by significantly less interobserver variability.

CONCLUSION: The ability to quantify the contribution of individual lesions with the novel FFR pullback-based solution significantly increases operator confidence regarding PCI strategy, reduces heterogeneity in practice, and can reduce the planned number of stents and total stent length.

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