Cognitive Remediation Therapy as a Feasible Treatment for a Young Person With Anorexia Nervosa and Autism Spectrum Disorder Comorbidity: A Case Study

Yasemin Dandil, Claire Baillie, Kate Tchanturia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a challenging illness to treat with inefficiencies in central coherence and set-shifting known to be cognitive maintaining factors for the eating disorder. AN is further complicated by comorbidities such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) aims to address problems with cognitive style and meta-cognition by stimulating the neural connections involved in cognitive processing through cognitive tasks, reflection, and behavioral experiments. However, to date, no reported studies are supporting individual CRT for patients with AN and ASD comorbidity. This single complex case study provides preliminary evidence to support the efficacy of individual CRT in the treatment of a 21-year-old female patient with AN and ASD comorbidity. Clinical and self-report data collected before and after CRT indicate improvements in cognitive flexibility and central coherence, alongside an increase in body mass index (BMI). This case study reflects the possible ways to adapt and calibrate treatment to individual needs and the efficacy of CRT, before proceeding to more complex individual psychological work, such as cognitive behavioral therapy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Case Studies
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • anorexia nervosa
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • case formulation
  • cognitive flexibility
  • cognitive remediation
  • treatment

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