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Coherent Multi-Transducer Ultrasound Imaging

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 30 May 2019


King's Authors


This work extends the effective aperture size by coherently compounding the received radio frequency data from multiple transducers. As a result, it is possible to obtain an improved image, with enhanced resolution, an extended field of view and at high acquisition frame rates. A framework is developed in which an ultrasound imaging system consisting of N synchronized matrix arrays, each with partly shared field of view, take turns to transmit plane waves. Only one individual transducer transmits at each time while all N transducers simultaneously receive. The subwavelength localization accuracy required to combine information from multiple transducers is achieved without the use of any external tracking device. The method developed in this study is based on the study of the backscattered echoes received by the same transducer and resulting from a targeted scatterer point in the medium insonated by the multiple ultrasound probes of the system. The current transducer locations along with the speed of sound in the medium are deduced by optimizing the cross-correlation between these echoes. The method is demonstrated experimentally in 2-D for 2 linear arrays using point targets and anechoic lesion phantoms. A
first demonstration of a free-hand experiment is also shown. Results demonstrate that the coherent multi-transducer ultrasound imaging method has the potential to improve ultrasound image quality, improving resolution and target detectability. Compared with coherent plane wave compounding using a single probe, lateral resolution improved from 1.56 mm to 0.71 mm in the coherent multi-transducer imaging method without acquisition frame rate sacrifice (acquisition frame rate 5350 Hz).

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