Combined simultaneous multislice bSSFP and compressed sensing for first-pass myocardial perfusion at 1.5 T with high spatial resolution and coverage

Sarah McElroy, Giulio Ferrazzi, Muhummad Sohaib Nazir, Karl P Kunze, Radhouene Neji, Peter Speier, Daniel Stäb, Christoph Forman, Reza Razavi, Amedeo Chiribiri, Sébastien Roujol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To implement and evaluate a pseudorandom undersampling scheme for combined simultaneous multislice (SMS) balanced SSFP (bSSFP) and compressed-sensing (CS) reconstruction to enable myocardial perfusion imaging with high spatial resolution and coverage at 1.5 T.

METHODS: A prospective pseudorandom undersampling scheme that is compatible with SMS-bSSFP phase-cycling requirements and CS was developed. The SMS-bSSFP CS with pseudorandom and linear undersampling schemes were compared in a phantom. A high-resolution (1.4 × 1.4 mm2 ) six-slice SMS-bSSFP CS perfusion sequence was compared with a conventional (1.9 × 1.9 mm2 ) three-slice sequence in 10 patients. Qualitative assessment of image quality, perceived SNR, and number of diagnostic segments and quantitative measurements of sharpness, upslope index, and contrast ratio were performed.

RESULTS: In phantom experiments, pseudorandom undersampling resulted in residual artifact (RMS error) reduction by a factor of 7 compared with linear undersampling. In vivo, the proposed sequence demonstrated higher perceived SNR (2.9 ± 0.3 vs. 2.2 ± 0.6, P = .04), improved sharpness (0.35 ± 0.03 vs. 0.32 ± 0.05, P = .01), and a higher number of diagnostic segments (100% vs. 94%, P = .03) compared with the conventional sequence. There were no significant differences between the sequences in terms of image quality (2.5 ± 0.4 vs. 2.8 ± 0.2, P = .08), upslope index (0.11 ± 0.02 vs. 0.10 ± 0.01, P = .3), or contrast ratio (3.28 ± 0.35 vs. 3.36 ± 0.43, P = .7).

CONCLUSION: A pseudorandom k-space undersampling compatible with SMS-bSSFP and CS reconstruction has been developed and enables cardiac MR perfusion imaging with increased spatial resolution and myocardial coverage, increased number of diagnostic segments and perceived SNR, and no difference in image quality, upslope index, and contrast ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3103-3116
Number of pages14
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number6
Early online date12 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • compressed sensing
  • myocardial perfusion
  • simultaneous multislice


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