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Communicating Public Health Advice After a Chemical Spill: Results From National Surveys in the United Kingdom and Poland

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Communicating Public Health Advice After a Chemical Spill : Results From National Surveys in the United Kingdom and Poland. / Pearce, Julia M; Rubin, G James; Amlôt, Richard; Wessely, Simon; Rogers, M. Brooke.

In: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, Vol. 7, No. 1, 01.02.2013, p. 65-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Pearce, JM, Rubin, GJ, Amlôt, R, Wessely, S & Rogers, MB 2013, 'Communicating Public Health Advice After a Chemical Spill: Results From National Surveys in the United Kingdom and Poland', Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1001/dmp.2012.56

APA

Pearce, J. M., Rubin, G. J., Amlôt, R., Wessely, S., & Rogers, M. B. (2013). Communicating Public Health Advice After a Chemical Spill: Results From National Surveys in the United Kingdom and Poland. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 7(1), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1001/dmp.2012.56

Vancouver

Pearce JM, Rubin GJ, Amlôt R, Wessely S, Rogers MB. Communicating Public Health Advice After a Chemical Spill: Results From National Surveys in the United Kingdom and Poland. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 2013 Feb 1;7(1):65-74. https://doi.org/10.1001/dmp.2012.56

Author

Pearce, Julia M ; Rubin, G James ; Amlôt, Richard ; Wessely, Simon ; Rogers, M. Brooke. / Communicating Public Health Advice After a Chemical Spill : Results From National Surveys in the United Kingdom and Poland. In: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 2013 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 65-74.

Bibtex Download

@article{5783ff5108ba4ff3ad849ebd76b3a31a,
title = "Communicating Public Health Advice After a Chemical Spill: Results From National Surveys in the United Kingdom and Poland",
abstract = "Objective:  The aim of this study was to enhance public health preparedness for incidents that involve the large-scale release of a hazardous substance by examining factors likely to influence public responses to official guidance on how to limit their exposure. Methods:  An online demographically representative survey was conducted in the United Kingdom (n = 601) and Poland (n = 602) to test the strength of association of trust in authorities, anxiety, threat, and coping appraisals with the intention to comply with advice to shelter in place following a hypothetical chemical spill. The impact of ease of compliance and style of message presentation were also examined. Results:  Participants were more likely to comply if at home when the incident happened, but message presentation had little impact. Coping appraisals and trust were key predictors of compliance, but threat appraisals were associated with noncompliance. Anxiety was seen to promote behavioral change. UK participants were more likely to comply than Polish participants. Conclusions:  Successful crisis communications during an emergency should aim to influence perceptions regarding the efficacy of recommended behaviors, the difficulties people may have in following advice, and perceptions about the cost of following recommended behaviors. Generic principles of crisis communication may need adaptation for national contexts.",
keywords = "Communications, Disasters, Behaviour, Trust",
author = "Pearce, {Julia M} and Rubin, {G James} and Richard Aml{\^o}t and Simon Wessely and Rogers, {M. Brooke}",
year = "2013",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1001/dmp.2012.56",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "65--74",
journal = "Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness",
issn = "1935-7893",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Communicating Public Health Advice After a Chemical Spill

T2 - Results From National Surveys in the United Kingdom and Poland

AU - Pearce, Julia M

AU - Rubin, G James

AU - Amlôt, Richard

AU - Wessely, Simon

AU - Rogers, M. Brooke

PY - 2013/2/1

Y1 - 2013/2/1

N2 - Objective:  The aim of this study was to enhance public health preparedness for incidents that involve the large-scale release of a hazardous substance by examining factors likely to influence public responses to official guidance on how to limit their exposure. Methods:  An online demographically representative survey was conducted in the United Kingdom (n = 601) and Poland (n = 602) to test the strength of association of trust in authorities, anxiety, threat, and coping appraisals with the intention to comply with advice to shelter in place following a hypothetical chemical spill. The impact of ease of compliance and style of message presentation were also examined. Results:  Participants were more likely to comply if at home when the incident happened, but message presentation had little impact. Coping appraisals and trust were key predictors of compliance, but threat appraisals were associated with noncompliance. Anxiety was seen to promote behavioral change. UK participants were more likely to comply than Polish participants. Conclusions:  Successful crisis communications during an emergency should aim to influence perceptions regarding the efficacy of recommended behaviors, the difficulties people may have in following advice, and perceptions about the cost of following recommended behaviors. Generic principles of crisis communication may need adaptation for national contexts.

AB - Objective:  The aim of this study was to enhance public health preparedness for incidents that involve the large-scale release of a hazardous substance by examining factors likely to influence public responses to official guidance on how to limit their exposure. Methods:  An online demographically representative survey was conducted in the United Kingdom (n = 601) and Poland (n = 602) to test the strength of association of trust in authorities, anxiety, threat, and coping appraisals with the intention to comply with advice to shelter in place following a hypothetical chemical spill. The impact of ease of compliance and style of message presentation were also examined. Results:  Participants were more likely to comply if at home when the incident happened, but message presentation had little impact. Coping appraisals and trust were key predictors of compliance, but threat appraisals were associated with noncompliance. Anxiety was seen to promote behavioral change. UK participants were more likely to comply than Polish participants. Conclusions:  Successful crisis communications during an emergency should aim to influence perceptions regarding the efficacy of recommended behaviors, the difficulties people may have in following advice, and perceptions about the cost of following recommended behaviors. Generic principles of crisis communication may need adaptation for national contexts.

KW - Communications

KW - Disasters

KW - Behaviour

KW - Trust

U2 - 10.1001/dmp.2012.56

DO - 10.1001/dmp.2012.56

M3 - Article

C2 - 23223754

VL - 7

SP - 65

EP - 74

JO - Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

JF - Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

SN - 1935-7893

IS - 1

ER -

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