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Comparative optimism about infection and recovery from COVID-19; implications for adherence with lockdown advice

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Koula Asimakopoulou, Vera Hoorens, Ewen Speed, Neil Coulson, Dominika Antoniszczak , Fran Collyer, Eliane Deschrijver , Leslie Dubbin, Denise Faulks, Rowena Forsyth, Vicky Goltsi, Ivan Harsløf , Kristian Larsen, Irene Manaras, Dorota Olczak‐Kowalczyk , Karen Willis, Tatiana Xenou, Sasha Scambler

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1502-1511
JournalHealth Expectations
Volume23
Issue number6
Early online date27 Sep 2020
DOIs
Accepted/In press6 Sep 2020
E-pub ahead of print27 Sep 2020
Published21 Dec 2020

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Abstract

Background Comparative optimism, the belief that negative events are more likely to happen to others rather than to oneself, is well established in health risk research. It is unknown, however, whether comparative optimism also permeates people’s health expectations and potentially behaviour during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Objectives Data were collected through an international survey (N = 6485) exploring people’s thoughts and psychosocial behaviours relating to COVID‐19. This paper reports UK data on comparative optimism. In particular, we examine the belief that negative events surrounding risk and recovery from COVID‐19 are perceived as more likely to happen to others rather than to oneself. Methods Using online snowball sampling through social media, anonymous UK survey data were collected from N = 645 adults during weeks 5‐8 of the UK COVID‐19 lockdown. The sample was normally distributed in terms of age and reflected the UK ethnic and disability profile. Findings Respondents demonstrated comparative optimism where they believed that as compared to others of the same age and gender, they were unlikely to experience a range of controllable (eg accidentally infect/ be infected) and uncontrollable (eg need hospitalization/ intensive care treatment if infected) COVID‐19‐related risks in the short term (P < .001). They were comparatively pessimistic (ie thinking they were more at risk than others for developing COVID‐19‐related infection or symptoms) when thinking about the next year. Discussion This is one of the first ever studies to report compelling comparative biases in UK adults’ thinking about COVID‐19.

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