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Comparing spatial ability of male and female students completing Humanities vs. technical degrees

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Comparing spatial ability of male and female students completing Humanities vs. technical degrees. / Esipenko, Elena A.; Maslennikova, Ekaterina P.; Budakova, Anna V.; Sharafieva, Kseniya R.; Ismatullina, Victoria I.; Feklicheva, Inna V.; Chipeeva, Nadezhda A.; Soldatova, Elena L.; Borodaeva, Zhanna E.; Rimfeld, Kaili; Shakeshaft, Nikolas G.; Malanchini, Margherita; Malykh, Sergey B.

In: Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.01.2018, p. 37-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Esipenko, EA, Maslennikova, EP, Budakova, AV, Sharafieva, KR, Ismatullina, VI, Feklicheva, IV, Chipeeva, NA, Soldatova, EL, Borodaeva, ZE, Rimfeld, K, Shakeshaft, NG, Malanchini, M & Malykh, SB 2018, 'Comparing spatial ability of male and female students completing Humanities vs. technical degrees', Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 37-49. https://doi.org/10.11621/pir.2018.0403

APA

Esipenko, E. A., Maslennikova, E. P., Budakova, A. V., Sharafieva, K. R., Ismatullina, V. I., Feklicheva, I. V., ... Malykh, S. B. (2018). Comparing spatial ability of male and female students completing Humanities vs. technical degrees. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 11(4), 37-49. https://doi.org/10.11621/pir.2018.0403

Vancouver

Esipenko EA, Maslennikova EP, Budakova AV, Sharafieva KR, Ismatullina VI, Feklicheva IV et al. Comparing spatial ability of male and female students completing Humanities vs. technical degrees. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art. 2018 Jan 1;11(4):37-49. https://doi.org/10.11621/pir.2018.0403

Author

Esipenko, Elena A. ; Maslennikova, Ekaterina P. ; Budakova, Anna V. ; Sharafieva, Kseniya R. ; Ismatullina, Victoria I. ; Feklicheva, Inna V. ; Chipeeva, Nadezhda A. ; Soldatova, Elena L. ; Borodaeva, Zhanna E. ; Rimfeld, Kaili ; Shakeshaft, Nikolas G. ; Malanchini, Margherita ; Malykh, Sergey B. / Comparing spatial ability of male and female students completing Humanities vs. technical degrees. In: Psychology in Russia: State of the Art. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 37-49.

Bibtex Download

@article{71bb70db6ff84b0cae8c3d8b8bd87708,
title = "Comparing spatial ability of male and female students completing Humanities vs. technical degrees",
abstract = "Background. Spatial ability (SA) has long been the focus of research in psychology, because it is associated with performance in science, technologies, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Research has shown that males consistently outperform females in most aspects of SA, which may partially explain the observed overrepresentation of male students seeking STEM degrees. Objective. This study examines sex and field of study (degree) differences in different aspects of spatial ability and its structure. Design. We assessed SA by using an on-line gamified battery, which included 10 spatial tests capturing 10 dimensions of spatial ability, among which were mental rotation, spatial visualization, spatial scanning, spatial reasoning, perspective-taking, and mechanical reasoning. The sample consisted of 882 STEM (55{\%} males) and Humanities (20{\%} males) university students in Russia. Results. Males outperformed females on all assessed components of SA with a small effect size (1-11{\%}). We also found that students from STEM fields outperformed Humanities students on all SA subtests (effect size ranged from 0.2 to 7{\%}). These differences by study choice were not fully explained by the observed over-representation of males in the STEM group. The results of the study suggested no interaction between sex and degree. In other words, on average, males outperformed females, irrespective of whether they were STEM or humanities students; and the STEM advantage was observed for both males and females. The same unifactorial structure of SA was observed in the STEM and Humanities groups. Conclusion. Our results are consistent with previous research, suggesting sex and study field differences in SA. Longitudinal research is needed to explore the causal mechanisms underscoring these differences. males and females. The same unifactorial structure of SA was observed in the STEM and Humanities groups. Conclusion. Our results are consistent with previous research, suggesting sex and study field differences in SA. Longitudinal research is needed to explore the causal mechanisms underscoring these differences.",
keywords = "Degree (field of study), Gender differences, Individual differences, Spatial ability (SA), STEM",
author = "Esipenko, {Elena A.} and Maslennikova, {Ekaterina P.} and Budakova, {Anna V.} and Sharafieva, {Kseniya R.} and Ismatullina, {Victoria I.} and Feklicheva, {Inna V.} and Chipeeva, {Nadezhda A.} and Soldatova, {Elena L.} and Borodaeva, {Zhanna E.} and Kaili Rimfeld and Shakeshaft, {Nikolas G.} and Margherita Malanchini and Malykh, {Sergey B.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.11621/pir.2018.0403",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "37--49",
journal = "Psychology in Russia: State of the Art",
issn = "2074-6857",
publisher = "Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University",
number = "4",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing spatial ability of male and female students completing Humanities vs. technical degrees

AU - Esipenko, Elena A.

AU - Maslennikova, Ekaterina P.

AU - Budakova, Anna V.

AU - Sharafieva, Kseniya R.

AU - Ismatullina, Victoria I.

AU - Feklicheva, Inna V.

AU - Chipeeva, Nadezhda A.

AU - Soldatova, Elena L.

AU - Borodaeva, Zhanna E.

AU - Rimfeld, Kaili

AU - Shakeshaft, Nikolas G.

AU - Malanchini, Margherita

AU - Malykh, Sergey B.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Background. Spatial ability (SA) has long been the focus of research in psychology, because it is associated with performance in science, technologies, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Research has shown that males consistently outperform females in most aspects of SA, which may partially explain the observed overrepresentation of male students seeking STEM degrees. Objective. This study examines sex and field of study (degree) differences in different aspects of spatial ability and its structure. Design. We assessed SA by using an on-line gamified battery, which included 10 spatial tests capturing 10 dimensions of spatial ability, among which were mental rotation, spatial visualization, spatial scanning, spatial reasoning, perspective-taking, and mechanical reasoning. The sample consisted of 882 STEM (55% males) and Humanities (20% males) university students in Russia. Results. Males outperformed females on all assessed components of SA with a small effect size (1-11%). We also found that students from STEM fields outperformed Humanities students on all SA subtests (effect size ranged from 0.2 to 7%). These differences by study choice were not fully explained by the observed over-representation of males in the STEM group. The results of the study suggested no interaction between sex and degree. In other words, on average, males outperformed females, irrespective of whether they were STEM or humanities students; and the STEM advantage was observed for both males and females. The same unifactorial structure of SA was observed in the STEM and Humanities groups. Conclusion. Our results are consistent with previous research, suggesting sex and study field differences in SA. Longitudinal research is needed to explore the causal mechanisms underscoring these differences. males and females. The same unifactorial structure of SA was observed in the STEM and Humanities groups. Conclusion. Our results are consistent with previous research, suggesting sex and study field differences in SA. Longitudinal research is needed to explore the causal mechanisms underscoring these differences.

AB - Background. Spatial ability (SA) has long been the focus of research in psychology, because it is associated with performance in science, technologies, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Research has shown that males consistently outperform females in most aspects of SA, which may partially explain the observed overrepresentation of male students seeking STEM degrees. Objective. This study examines sex and field of study (degree) differences in different aspects of spatial ability and its structure. Design. We assessed SA by using an on-line gamified battery, which included 10 spatial tests capturing 10 dimensions of spatial ability, among which were mental rotation, spatial visualization, spatial scanning, spatial reasoning, perspective-taking, and mechanical reasoning. The sample consisted of 882 STEM (55% males) and Humanities (20% males) university students in Russia. Results. Males outperformed females on all assessed components of SA with a small effect size (1-11%). We also found that students from STEM fields outperformed Humanities students on all SA subtests (effect size ranged from 0.2 to 7%). These differences by study choice were not fully explained by the observed over-representation of males in the STEM group. The results of the study suggested no interaction between sex and degree. In other words, on average, males outperformed females, irrespective of whether they were STEM or humanities students; and the STEM advantage was observed for both males and females. The same unifactorial structure of SA was observed in the STEM and Humanities groups. Conclusion. Our results are consistent with previous research, suggesting sex and study field differences in SA. Longitudinal research is needed to explore the causal mechanisms underscoring these differences. males and females. The same unifactorial structure of SA was observed in the STEM and Humanities groups. Conclusion. Our results are consistent with previous research, suggesting sex and study field differences in SA. Longitudinal research is needed to explore the causal mechanisms underscoring these differences.

KW - Degree (field of study)

KW - Gender differences

KW - Individual differences

KW - Spatial ability (SA)

KW - STEM

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062597941&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.11621/pir.2018.0403

DO - 10.11621/pir.2018.0403

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 37

EP - 49

JO - Psychology in Russia: State of the Art

T2 - Psychology in Russia: State of the Art

JF - Psychology in Russia: State of the Art

SN - 2074-6857

IS - 4

ER -

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