The identification of meaningful functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) biomarkers requires measures that reliably capture brain performance across different subjects and over multiple scanning sessions. Recent developments in fMRI acquisition, such as the introduction of multiband (MB) protocols and in-plane acceleration, allow for increased scanning speed and improved temporal resolution. However, they may also lead to reduced temporal signal to noise ratio and increased signal leakage between simultaneously excited slices. These methods have been adopted in several scanning modalities including diffusion weighted imaging and fMRI. To our knowledge, no study has formally compared the reliability of the same resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) metrics (amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations; seed-to-voxel and region of interest [ROI]-to-ROI connectivity) across conventional single-band fMRI and different MB acquisitions, with and without in-plane acceleration, across three sessions. In this study, 24 healthy older adults were scanned over three visits, on weeks 0, 1, and 4, and, on each occasion, underwent a conventional single band rs-fMRI scan and three different rs-fMRI scans with MB factors 4 and 6, with and without in-plane acceleration. Across all three rs-fMRI metrics, the reliability scores were highest with MB factor 4 with no in-plane acceleration for cortical areas and with conventional single band for subcortical areas. Recommendations for future research studies are discussed.
- multiband fMRI