Comparison between Fluorescence Imaging and Elemental Analysis to Determine Biodistribution of Inorganic Nanoparticles with Strong Light Absorption

Konstantin Tamarov, Julie Tzu-Wen Wang, Juuso Kari, Emilia Happonen, Ilkka Vesavaara, Matti Niemelä, Paavo Perämäki, Khuloud T Al-Jamal, Wujun Xu, Vesa-Pekka Lehto

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Abstract

Black porous silicon nanoparticles (BPSi NPs) are known as highly efficient infrared light absorbers that are well-suitable for photothermal therapy (PTT) and photoacoustic imaging (PAI). PTT and PAI require a sufficient number of effectively light-absorbing NPs to be accumulated in tumor after intravenous administration. Herein, biodistribution of PEGylated BPSi NPs with different sizes (i.e., 140, 200, and 300 nm in diameter) is investigated after intravenous administration in mice. BPSi NPs were conjugated with fluorescent dyes Cy5.5 and Cy7.5 to track them in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Optical imaging with an in vivo imaging system (IVIS) was found to be an inadequate technique to assess the biodistribution of the dye-labeled BPSi NPs in vivo because the intrinsic strong absorbance of the BPSi NPs interfered fluorescence detection. This challenge was resolved via the use of inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry to analyze ex vivo the silicon content in different tissues and tumors. The results indicated that most of the polyethylene glycol-coated BPSi NPs were found to accumulate in the liver and spleen after intravenous injection. The smallest 140 nm particles accumulated the most in tumors at an amount of 9.5 ± 3.4% of the injected dose (concentration of 0.18 ± 0.08 mg/mL), the amount known to produce sufficient heat for cancer PTT. Furthermore, the findings from the present study also suggest that techniques other than optical imaging should be considered to study the organ biodistribution of NPs with strong light absorbance properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40392-40400
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number34
Early online date16 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2021

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