Comparison of outcomes for patients with and without a serious mental illness presenting to hospital for chronic obstruction pulmonary disease: retrospective observational study using administrative data

Sara Goldman, Anastasia Saoulidi, Sridevi Kalidindi, Eugenia Kravariti, Fiona Gaughran*, Tim W.R. Briggs, William K. Gray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background There are few data on the profile of those with serious mental illness (SMI) admitted to hospital for physical health reasons. Aims To compare outcomes for patients with and without an SMI admitted to hospital in England where the primary reason for admission was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method This was a retrospective, observational analysis of the English Hospital Episodes Statistics data-set for the period from 1 April 2018 to 31 March 2019, for patients aged 18-74 years with COPD as the dominant reason for admission. Patient with an SMI (psychosis spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder) were identified. Results Data were available for 54 578 patients, of whom 2096 (3.8%) had an SMI. Patients with an SMI were younger, more likely to be female and more likely to live in deprived areas than those without an SMI. The burden of comorbidity was similar between the two groups. After adjusting for covariates, SMI was associated with significantly greater risk of length of stay than the median (odds ratio 1.24, 95% CI 1.12-1.37, P ≤ 0.001) and with 30-day emergency readmission (odds ratio 1.51, 95% confidence interval 1.34-1.69, P ≤ 0.001) but not with in-hospital mortality. Conclusion Clinicians should be aware of the potential for poorer outcomes in patients with an SMI even when the SMI is not the primary reason for admission. Collaborative working across mental and physical healthcare provision may facilitate improved outcomes for people with SMI.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBJPsych Open
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • bipolar disorder
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • mental illness
  • psychosis
  • schizophrenia

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