Background: Few data exist on differences in treatment effectiveness and safety in atopic dermatitis patients of different skin types. Objective: To investigate treatment outcomes of dupilumab, methotrexate, and ciclosporin, and morphological phenotypes in atopic dermatitis patients, stratified by Fitzpatrick skin type. Methods: In an observational prospective cohort study, pooling data from the Dutch TREAT (TREatment of ATopic eczema) NL (treatregister.nl) and UK-Irish A-STAR (Atopic eczema Systemic TherApy Register; astar-register.org) registries, data on morphological phenotypes and treatment outcomes were investigated. Results: A total of 235 patients were included (light skin types [LST]: Fitzpatrick skin type 1-3, n = 156 [Ethnicity, White: 94.2%]; dark skin types [DST]: skin type 4-6, n = 68 [Black African/Afro-Caribbean: 25%, South-Asian: 26.5%, and Hispanics: 0%]). DST were younger (19.5 vs 29.0 years; P < .001), more often had follicular eczema (22.1% vs 2.6%; P < .001), higher baseline Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) scores (20.1 vs 14.9; P = .009), less allergic contact dermatitis (30.9% vs 47.4%; P = .03), and less previous phototherapy use (39.7% vs 59.0%; P = .008). When comparing DST and LST corrected for covariates including baseline EASI, DST showed greater mean EASI reduction between baseline and 6 months with only dupilumab (16.7 vs 9.7; adjusted P = .032). No differences were found for adverse events for any treatments (P > .05). Limitations: Unblinded, non-randomized. Conclusion: Atopic dermatitis differs in several characteristics between LST and DST. Skin type may influence treatment effectiveness of dupilumab.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-24
Number of pages11
JournalJAAD International
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • atopic dermatitis
  • atopic eczema
  • ciclosporin
  • daily practice
  • dupilumab
  • effectiveness
  • ethnicity
  • methotrexate
  • morphology
  • race
  • registry
  • routine clinical care
  • safety
  • skin type
  • systemic treatment


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