"Competition policy in the digital era"

David Bailey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review


The purpose of this article is to examine briefly a few implications of digital data and 'cyber competition' for competition policy. It does so by discussing two cases that were concerned with alleged extensions of a dominant position in the digital world into a neighbouring market. In particular, the article discusses the possible theory of harm underpinning the Commission's June 2017 decision in the Google Shopping case. That decision brought to an end one of the best known and most controversial investigations that the Commission has conducted. It resulted in the imposition of a record fine of €2.42 billion and raises issues of substantial legal importance about the proper scope of Article 102 TFEU. Pending the outcome of Google's appeal to the General Court, it is suggested that judicious intervention under the EU competition rules is necessary and desirable in the digital world.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Competition policy
  • Dominance
  • Internet
  • Market power
  • Online platforms
  • Sanctions/Fines/Penalties
  • Unilateral Practices


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