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Complementary time-frequency domain networks for dynamic parallel MR image reconstruction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Chen Qin, Jinming Duan, Kerstin Hammernik, Jo Schlemper, Thomas Küstner, René Botnar, Claudia Prieto, Anthony N. Price, Joseph V. Hajnal, Daniel Rueckert

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3274-3291
Number of pages18
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume86
Issue number6
DOIs
Accepted/In press2021
PublishedDec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This work was supported by EPSRC programme grant SmartHeart (EP/P001009/1). We thank Chen Chen for providing us with the deep learning based segmentation algorithm. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

King's Authors

Abstract

Purpose: To introduce a novel deep learning-based approach for fast and high-quality dynamic multicoil MR reconstruction by learning a complementary time-frequency domain network that exploits spatiotemporal correlations simultaneously from complementary domains. Theory and Methods: Dynamic parallel MR image reconstruction is formulated as a multivariable minimization problem, where the data are regularized in combined temporal Fourier and spatial (x-f) domain as well as in spatiotemporal image (x-t) domain. An iterative algorithm based on variable splitting technique is derived, which alternates among signal de-aliasing steps in x-f and x-t spaces, a closed-form point-wise data consistency step and a weighted coupling step. The iterative model is embedded into a deep recurrent neural network which learns to recover the image via exploiting spatiotemporal redundancies in complementary domains. Results: Experiments were performed on two datasets of highly undersampled multicoil short-axis cardiac cine MRI scans. Results demonstrate that our proposed method outperforms the current state-of-the-art approaches both quantitatively and qualitatively. The proposed model can also generalize well to data acquired from a different scanner and data with pathologies that were not seen in the training set. Conclusion: The work shows the benefit of reconstructing dynamic parallel MRI in complementary time-frequency domains with deep neural networks. The method can effectively and robustly reconstruct high-quality images from highly undersampled dynamic multicoil data ((Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) yielding 15 s and 10 s scan times respectively) with fast reconstruction speed (2.8 seconds). This could potentially facilitate achieving fast single-breath-hold clinical 2D cardiac cine imaging.

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