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Confocal laser scanning microscopy and area-scale analysis used to quantify enamel surface textural changes from citric acid demineralization and salivary remineralization in vitro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rupert Austin, C. L. Giusca, G. Macaulay, R. Moazzez, D. W. Bartlett

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-284
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials
Issue number2
Early online date31 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


King's Authors


Objectives. This paper investigates the application of confocal laser scanning microscopy to determine the effect of acid-mediated erosive enamel wear on the micro-texture of polished human enamel in vitro.

Methods. Twenty polished enamel samples were prepared and subjected to a citric acid erosion and pooled human saliva remineralization model. Enamel surface microhardness was measured using a Knoop hardness tester, which confirmed that an early enamel erosion lesion was formed which was then subsequently completely remineralized. A confocal laser scanning microscope was used to capture high-resolution images of the enamel surfaces undergoing demineralization and remineralization. Area-scale analysis was used to identify the optimal feature size following which the surface texture was determined using the 3D (areal) texture parameter Sa.

Results. The Sa successfully characterized the enamel erosion and remineralization for the polished enamel samples (P <0.001).

Significance. Areal surface texture characterization of the surface events occurring during enamel demineralization and remineralization requires optical imaging instrumentation with lateral resolution

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