Conformational changes in IgE contribute to its uniquely slow dissociation rate from receptor FcɛRI

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96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among antibody classes, IgE has a uniquely slow dissociation rate from, and high affinity for, its cell surface receptor Fc epsilon RI. We show the structural basis for these key determinants of the ability of IgE to mediate allergic hypersensitivity through the 3.4-angstrom-resolution crystal structure of human IgE-Fc (consisting of the C epsilon 2, C epsilon 3 and C epsilon 4 domains) bound to the extracellular domains of the Fc epsilon RI alpha chain. Comparison with the structure of free IgE-Fc (reported here at a resolution of 1.9 angstrom) shows that the antibody, which has a compact, bent structure before receptor engagement, becomes even more acutely bent in the complex. Thermodynamic analysis indicates that the interaction is entropically driven, which explains how the noncontacting C epsilon 2 domains, in place of the flexible hinge region of IgG antibodies, contribute together with the conformational changes to the unique binding properties of IgE.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571 - 576
Number of pages6
JournalNATURE STRUCTURAL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

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