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Consumer Safety Considerations of Skin and Oral Microbiome Perturbation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Andrew J. McBain, Catherine A. O'Neill, Alejandro Amezquita, Laura J. Price, Karoline Faust, Adrian Tett, Nicola Segata, Jonathan R. Swann, Adrian M. Smith, Barry Murphy, Michael Hoptroff, Gordon James, Yugandhar Reddy, Anindya Dasgupta, Tom Ross, Iain L. Chapple, William G. Wade, Judith Fernandez-Piquer

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Microbiology Reviews
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sep 2019

King's Authors

Abstract

SUMMARYMicrobiomes associated with human skin and the oral cavity are uniquely exposed to personal care regimes. Changes in the composition and activities of the microbial communities in these environments can be utilized to promote consumer health benefits, for example, by reducing the numbers, composition, or activities of microbes implicated in conditions such as acne, axillary odor, dandruff, and oral diseases. It is, however, important to ensure that innovative approaches for microbiome manipulation do not unsafely disrupt the microbiome or compromise health, and where major changes in the composition or activities of the microbiome may occur, these require evaluation to ensure that critical biological functions are unaffected. This article is based on a 2-day workshop held at SEAC Unilever, Sharnbrook, United Kingdom, involving 31 specialists in microbial risk assessment, skin and oral microbiome research, microbial ecology, bioinformatics, mathematical modeling, and immunology. The first day focused on understanding the potential implications of skin and oral microbiome perturbation, while approaches to characterize those perturbations were discussed during the second day. This article discusses the factors that the panel recommends be considered for personal care products that target the microbiomes of the skin and the oral cavity.

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