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Containment and conversion: urban livelihoods and the circulation of value amid South Africa’s avian influenza outbreak

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Containment and conversion: urban livelihoods and the circulation of value amid South Africa’s avian influenza outbreak. / Cousins, Thomas ; Pentecost, Michelle; van Helden, Lesley .

In: AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST, Vol. 49, No. 3, 08.2022, p. 413-426.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Cousins, T, Pentecost, M & van Helden, L 2022, 'Containment and conversion: urban livelihoods and the circulation of value amid South Africa’s avian influenza outbreak', AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 413-426. https://doi.org/10.1111/amet.13083

APA

Cousins, T., Pentecost, M., & van Helden, L. (2022). Containment and conversion: urban livelihoods and the circulation of value amid South Africa’s avian influenza outbreak. AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST, 49(3), 413-426. https://doi.org/10.1111/amet.13083

Vancouver

Cousins T, Pentecost M, van Helden L. Containment and conversion: urban livelihoods and the circulation of value amid South Africa’s avian influenza outbreak. AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST. 2022 Aug;49(3):413-426. https://doi.org/10.1111/amet.13083

Author

Cousins, Thomas ; Pentecost, Michelle ; van Helden, Lesley . / Containment and conversion: urban livelihoods and the circulation of value amid South Africa’s avian influenza outbreak. In: AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST. 2022 ; Vol. 49, No. 3. pp. 413-426.

Bibtex Download

@article{c49759d53f5e45939c1b4a35e1f34214,
title = "Containment and conversion: urban livelihoods and the circulation of value amid South Africa{\textquoteright}s avian influenza outbreak",
abstract = "In South Africa the racialized contours of economic life powerfully shape the distribution of who owns poultry enterprises, who is employed to labor in them, who consumes poultry products, and in which way. When, in late 2017, an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N8) decimated the South African poultry sector, it revealed the ontological transformations of industrial egg-laying poultry into “cull birds” and then into imileqwa, the quintessential rural chicken. It thus showed how distinct regimes of value “articulate,” blurring infectious and noninfectious concerns as new chains of conversion were inaugurated across domestic and global economies. Thanks to the mediations performed by the network of egg-laying chickens, (White) farmers, (Black African) consumers, and state veterinarians, translations of value take place in which industrialized egg-layer chickens turn into socially enlivened beings. Such beings sustain and nurture social reproduction in South Africa's postapartheid cities and beyond. [zoonosis, value, human-animal relations, global health, one health, race, urbanism, South Africa].",
author = "Thomas Cousins and Michelle Pentecost and {van Helden}, Lesley",
note = "Funding Information: . We gratefully acknowledge funding from the Wellcome Trust for project 205766/Z/16/Z, “Urban Animals, Human Livelihoods and Health in the Global South: A Trans‐species Approach.” We would also like to thank Maan Barua, Jamie Lorimer, Zuko Ndamane, Laura Foster, Elsenberg veterinary staff, and participants at the 2018 Cape Town workshop on “urban animals and health.” Acknowledgments Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 The Authors. American Ethnologist published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Anthropological Association.",
year = "2022",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1111/amet.13083",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "413--426",
journal = "AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST",
issn = "0094-0496",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Containment and conversion: urban livelihoods and the circulation of value amid South Africa’s avian influenza outbreak

AU - Cousins, Thomas

AU - Pentecost, Michelle

AU - van Helden, Lesley

N1 - Funding Information: . We gratefully acknowledge funding from the Wellcome Trust for project 205766/Z/16/Z, “Urban Animals, Human Livelihoods and Health in the Global South: A Trans‐species Approach.” We would also like to thank Maan Barua, Jamie Lorimer, Zuko Ndamane, Laura Foster, Elsenberg veterinary staff, and participants at the 2018 Cape Town workshop on “urban animals and health.” Acknowledgments Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. American Ethnologist published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Anthropological Association.

PY - 2022/8

Y1 - 2022/8

N2 - In South Africa the racialized contours of economic life powerfully shape the distribution of who owns poultry enterprises, who is employed to labor in them, who consumes poultry products, and in which way. When, in late 2017, an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N8) decimated the South African poultry sector, it revealed the ontological transformations of industrial egg-laying poultry into “cull birds” and then into imileqwa, the quintessential rural chicken. It thus showed how distinct regimes of value “articulate,” blurring infectious and noninfectious concerns as new chains of conversion were inaugurated across domestic and global economies. Thanks to the mediations performed by the network of egg-laying chickens, (White) farmers, (Black African) consumers, and state veterinarians, translations of value take place in which industrialized egg-layer chickens turn into socially enlivened beings. Such beings sustain and nurture social reproduction in South Africa's postapartheid cities and beyond. [zoonosis, value, human-animal relations, global health, one health, race, urbanism, South Africa].

AB - In South Africa the racialized contours of economic life powerfully shape the distribution of who owns poultry enterprises, who is employed to labor in them, who consumes poultry products, and in which way. When, in late 2017, an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N8) decimated the South African poultry sector, it revealed the ontological transformations of industrial egg-laying poultry into “cull birds” and then into imileqwa, the quintessential rural chicken. It thus showed how distinct regimes of value “articulate,” blurring infectious and noninfectious concerns as new chains of conversion were inaugurated across domestic and global economies. Thanks to the mediations performed by the network of egg-laying chickens, (White) farmers, (Black African) consumers, and state veterinarians, translations of value take place in which industrialized egg-layer chickens turn into socially enlivened beings. Such beings sustain and nurture social reproduction in South Africa's postapartheid cities and beyond. [zoonosis, value, human-animal relations, global health, one health, race, urbanism, South Africa].

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85132550961&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/amet.13083

DO - 10.1111/amet.13083

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 413

EP - 426

JO - AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST

JF - AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST

SN - 0094-0496

IS - 3

ER -

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