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Convergence of BMI1 and CHD7 on ERK Signaling in Medulloblastoma

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Adrian Dubuc ; Sara Badodi ; Xinyu Zhang ; Gabriel Rosser ; Mariane Da Cunha Jaeger ; Michelle M. Kameda-Smith ; Anca Sorana Morrissy ; Paul Guilhamon ; Philipp Suetterlin ; Xiao-Nan Li ; Loredana Guglielmi ; Ashirwad Merve ; Hamza Farooq ; Mathieu Lupien ; Sheila K. Singh ; M. Albert Basson ; Michael D. Taylor ; Silvia Marino

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2772-2784
Number of pages13
JournalCell reports
Volume21
Issue number10
Early online date5 Dec 2017
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 5 Dec 2017

King's Authors

Abstract

We describe molecular convergence between BMI1 and CHD7 in the initiation of medulloblastoma. Identified in a functional genomic screen in mouse models, a BMI1High;CHD7Low expression signature within medulloblastoma characterizes patients with poor overall survival. We show that BMI1-mediated repression of the ERK1/2 pathway leads to increased proliferation and tumor burden in primary human MB cells and in a xenograft model, respectively. We provide evidence that repression of the ERK inhibitor DUSP4 by BMI1 is dependent on a more accessible chromatin configuration in G4 MB cells with low CHD7 expression. These findings extend current knowledge of the role of BMI1 and CHD7 in medulloblastoma pathogenesis, and they raise the possibility that pharmacological targeting of BMI1 or ERK may be particularly indicated in a subgroup of MB with low expression levels of CHD7.

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