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Co-occurring Psychiatric Disorders in Preschool and Elementary School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fernando Salazar, Gillian Baird, Susie Chandler, Evelin Tseng, Tony O’sullivan, Patricia Howlin, Andrew Pickles, Emily Simonoff

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2283-2294
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume45
Issue number8
Early online date4 Mar 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015

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Abstract

We employed a clinical sample of young children with ASD, with and without intellectual disability, to determine the rate and type of psychiatric disorders and possible association with risk factors. We assessed 101 children (57 males, 44 females) aged 4.5–9.8 years. 90.5 % of the sample met the criteria. Most common diagnoses were: generalized anxiety disorder (66.5 %), specific phobias (52.7 %) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (59.1 %). Boys were more likely to have oppositional defiant disorder (OR 3.9). Higher IQ was associated with anxiety disorders (OR 2.9) and older age with agoraphobia (OR 5.8). Night terrors was associated with parental psychological distress (OR 14.2). Most young ASD children met the criteria for additional psychopathology.

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