Excessive copper (Cu) intake leads to hepatic lipotoxicity disease, which has adverse effects on health, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. We found that Cu increased lipotoxicity by promoting Nrf2 recruitment to the ARE site in the promoters of five lipogenic genes (g6pd, 6pgd, me, icdh and pparγ). We also found that Cu affected the Nrf2 expression via different pathways: metal regulatory transcription factor 1 (MTF-1) mediated the Cuinduced Nrf2 transcriptional activation; Cu also enhanced the expression of Nrf2 by inhibiting the SP1 expression, which was achieved by inhibiting the negative regulator Fyn of Nrf2. These promoted the enrichment of Nrf2 in the nucleus and ultimately affected lipotoxicity. Thus, for the first time, we elucidated that Cu induced liver lipotoxicity disease by up-regulating Nrf2 expression via the MTF-1 activation and the inhibition of SP1/Fyn pathway. Our study elucidates the Cu-associated obesity and NAFLD for fish and possibly humans.
|Journal||BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE|
|Publication status||Published - 22 May 2023|