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Corticospinal activation of internal oblique muscles has a strong ipsilateral component and can be lateralised in man

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

P H Strutton, I D Beith, S Theodorou, M Catley, A H McGregor, N J Davey

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474 - 479
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Issue number4
PublishedOct 2004

King's Authors


Trunk muscles receive corticospinal innervation ipsilaterally and contralaterally and here we investigate the degree of ipsilateral innervation and any cortical asymmetry in pairs of trunk muscles and proximal and distal limb muscles. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to left and right motor cortices in turn and bilateral electromyographic (EMG) recordings were made from internal oblique (IO; lower abdominal), deltoid (D; shoulder) and first dorsal interosseus (1DI; hand) muscles during voluntary contraction in ten healthy subjects. We used a 7-cm figure-of-eight stimulating coil located 2 cm lateral and 2 cm anterior to the vertex over either cortex. Incidence of ipsilateral motor evoked potentials (MEPs) was 85% in IO, 40% in D and 35% in 1DI. Mean (+/- S.E.M.) ipsilateral MEP latencies were longer (P

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