Counting the development costs of the conflict in North-Eastern Nigeria: the economic impact of the Boko Haram-led insurgency

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Abstract

Nigeria presents an important case for examining the interaction
between economic emergence and (in)security on account of the
Boko Haram- led insurgency. This paper interrogates long-standing
theoretical assumptions about the economic consequences of
violent conflict in such a complex space. It analyses the cost of
North-East Nigeria’s conflict on development by considering its
impact on the economy at the national and subnational levels.
Generalised assumptions about the ways through which conflict
affects development appear to hold in some regards but not in
others. Evidence suggests some disruption in fiscal adjustments
at the macro level, trade and investment as well as agricultural
production and commerce within the North-East but less so with
regard to economic growth and foreign direct investment flows at
the national level. The paper finds evidence of a dichotomy in terms
of the impact of the conflict on the national and subnational economy.
There is a high degree of containment of the repercussions of the
conflict at the subnational level. However, there remains a degree of
interconnectedness across these strata that are influenced by both
domestic and international political economy dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-409
JournalConflict, Security & Development
Early online date25 Sept 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Sept 2017

Keywords

  • Nigeria; Boko Haram; cost; economic impact; North-East; national economy

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