Craniofacial development: Current concepts in the molecular basis of Treacher Collins syndrome

Daniel Richard Van Gijn*, Abigail S. Tucker, Martyn T. Cobourne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


The human face and skull are an elegant example of the anatomical sophistication that results from the interplay between the molecular cascades and the tissue interactions that are necessary for the proper development of the craniofacial complex. When it fails to develop normally the consequences can have life-long implications for the biological, psychological, and aesthetic wellbeing of an affected person. Among the many syndromes that affect the region, understanding of the biology that underlies Treacher Collins syndrome has advanced in the last decade, particularly concerning the causative TCOF1 gene that encodes TREACLE protein, a serine/alanine-rich nucleolar phosphoprotein with an essential function during ribosome biogenesis in cranial neural crest cells. Abnormal growth and differentiation of these cells affect much of the craniofacial skeleton.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-388
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013


  • Molecular genetics
  • TCOF1
  • Treacher Collins syndrome


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