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Creb-Pgc1α pathway modulates the interaction between lipid droplets (LDs) and mitochondria and influences high fat diet-induced changes of lipid metabolism in the liver and isolated hepatocytes of yellow catfish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yu Feng Song, Christer Hogstrand, Shi Cheng Ling, Guang Hui Chen, Zhi Luo

Original languageEnglish
JournalJOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 21 Feb 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Although the crucial role of lipid droplets (LDs), mitochondria (MT) and their interactions in regulating lipid metabolism are well accepted, the mechanism of LDs-MT interactions in high fat diet (HFD)-induced changes of lipid metabolism remains unknown. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the mechanism of LDs-MT interactions in HFD-induced changes of lipid accumulation. We found that HFD not only up-regulated the expression of key proteins linked with TAG biosynthesis, but also increased the expression of proteins involved in lipolysis and fatty acid (FA) oxidation in LDs, including Rab32 (the only Rab protein associated with the MT). FA-induced LDs accumulation coincided with increased mitochondrial biogenesis, suggesting the potential LDs-MT interaction in hepatocytes after FA incubation. Also, FA incubation markedly increased the localization of Rab32 into LDs and MT, which confirmed the LDs-MT interaction and indicated the involvement of Rab32 in LDs-MT interaction following FA incubation. Inhibitors of Creb-Pgc1α pathway significantly blocked the localization of Rab32 into LDs and MT, and significantly reduced FA-induced LDs lipolysis by targeting Atgl and Plin5. Meanwhile, the FA-enhanced LDs accumulation, and mitochondrial biogenesis, fusion and oxidation were also significantly repressed. These indicated the regulatory role of Creb-Pgc1α in Rab32-mediated LDs-MT interactions and lipolysis after FA incubation. Taken together, these results revealed a novel mechanism of HFD- and FA-induced LDs-MT interactions in regulating hepatic LDs lipolysis, which provided new insight into the crosstalk between LDs-MT interaction and their potential role in HFD-induced hepatic steatosis.

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