Critical approaches to security in Europe: A networked manifesto

Claudia Aradau, Thierry Balzacq, Tugba Basaran, Didier Bigo, Philippe Bonditti, Christian Buger, Stephan Davidshofer, Xavier Guillaume, Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet, Jef Huysmans, Julien Jeandesboz, Matti Jutila, Luis Lobo-Guerrero, Tara McCormack, Maria Malksoo, Andrew Neal, Christian Olsson, Karen Lund Petersen, Francesco Ragazzi, Yelda Sahin AkilliHolger Stritzel, Rens Van Munster, Trine Villumsen, Ole Waever, Michael C. Williams, CASE Collective

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

370 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last decade, critical approaches have substantially reshaped the theoretical landscape of security studies in Europe. Yet, despite an impressive body of literature, there remains fundamental disagreement as to what counts as critical in this context. Scholars are still arguing in terms of 'schools', while there has been an increasing and sustained cross-fertilization among critical approaches. Finally, the boundaries between critical and traditional approaches to security remain blurred. The aim of this article is therefore to assess the evolution of critical views of approaches to security studies in Europe, discuss their theoretical premises, investigate their intellectual ramifications, and examine how they coalesce around different issues (such as a state of exception). The article then assesses the political implications of critical approaches. This is done mainly by analysing processes by which critical approaches to security percolate through a growing number of subjects (such as development, peace research, risk management). Finally, ethical and research implications are explored.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberN/A
Pages (from-to)443-487
Number of pages45
JournalSECURITY DIALOGUE
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Keywords

  • critical theory
  • security studies
  • collective intellectual
  • sociology of IR
  • INTERNATIONAL-RELATIONS
  • POLITICAL REALISM
  • COPENHAGEN-SCHOOL
  • MINORITY RIGHTS
  • 3RD DEBATE
  • RISK
  • PEACE
  • POWER
  • WAR
  • SECURITIZATION

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