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Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Brazilian version of the Beliefs about Emotions Scale

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Daniel C. Mograbi, Pamela Marques, Caio Lage, Vitória Tebyriça, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Katharine Amber Rimes

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-28
JournalTrends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018


King's Authors


INTRODUCTION: Beliefs about the unacceptability of expression and experience of emotion are present in the general population but seem to be more prevalent in patients with a number of health conditions. Such beliefs, which may be viewed as a form of perfectionism about emotions, may have a deleterious effect on symptomatology as well as treatment adherence and outcome. Nevertheless, few questionnaires have been developed to measure such beliefs about emotions, and no instrument has been validated in a developing country. The current study adapted and validated the Beliefs about Emotions Scale in a Brazilian sample. METHODS: The adaptation procedure included translation, back-translation and analysis of the content, with the final Brazilian Portuguese version of the scale being tested online in a sample of 645 participants. Internal consistency of the scale was very high and results of a principal axis factoring analysis indicated a 2-factor solution. RESULTS: Respondents with high fatigue showed more perfectionist beliefs and the scale correlated positively with questionnaires measuring anxiety, depression and fear of negative evaluation, confirming cross-culturally associations reported before. Finally, men, non-Caucasians and participants with lower educational achievement gave greater endorsement to such beliefs than women, Caucasian individuals and participants with higher educational level. CONCLUSIONS: The study confirms previous clinical findings reported in the literature, but indicate novel associations with demographic variables. The latter may reflect cultural differences related to beliefs about emotions in Brazil.

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