CTTK: a new method to solve the initial data constraints in numerical relativity

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In numerical relativity simulations with non-trivial matter configurations, one must solve the Hamiltonian and momentum constraints of the ADM formulation for the metric variables in the initial data. We introduce a new scheme based on the standard conformal transverse-traceless decomposition, in which instead of solving the Hamiltonian constraint as a 2nd order elliptic equation for a choice of mean curvature K, we solve an algebraic equation for K for a choice of conformal factor. By doing so, we evade the existence and uniqueness problem of solutions of the Hamiltonian constraint without using the usual conformal rescaling of the source terms. This is particularly important when the sources are fundamental fields, as reconstructing the fields’ configurations from the rescaled quantities is potentially problematic. Using an iterative multigrid solver, we show that this method provides rapid convergent solutions for several initial conditions that have not yet been studied in numerical relativity; namely (a) periodic inhomogeneous spacetimes with large random Gaussian scalar field perturbations and (b) asymptotically flat black hole spacetimes with rotating scalar clouds.
Original languageEnglish
Article number075003
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2023


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