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Current applications of three-dimensional printing in urology

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Michael Y. Chen, Jacob Skewes, Mathilde Desselle, Cynthia Wong, Maria A. Woodruff, Prokar Dasgupta, Nicholas J. Rukin

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalBJU International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

King's Authors


Three-dimensional (3D) printing or additive manufacturing is a new technology that has seen rapid development in recent years with decreasing costs. 3D printing allows the creation of customised, finely detailed constructs. Technological improvements, increased printer availability, decreasing costs, improved cell culture techniques, and biomaterials have enabled complex, novel and individualised medical treatments to be developed. Although the long-term goal of printing biocompatible organs has not yet been achieved, major advances have been made utilising 3D printing in biomedical engineering. In this literature review, we discuss the role of 3D printing in relation to urological surgery. We highlight the common printing methods employed and show examples of clinical urological uses. Currently, 3D printing can be used in urology for education of trainees and patients, surgical planning, creation of urological equipment, and bioprinting. In this review, we summarise the current applications of 3D-printing technology in these areas of urology.

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