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Customising global climate science for national adaptation: A case study of climate projections in UNFCCC's National Communications

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Customising global climate science for national adaptation : A case study of climate projections in UNFCCC's National Communications. / Skelton, Maurice; Porter, James J.; Dessai, Suraje; Bresch, David N.; Knutti, Reto.

In: Environmental Science and Policy, Vol. 101, 11.2019, p. 16-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Skelton, M, Porter, JJ, Dessai, S, Bresch, DN & Knutti, R 2019, 'Customising global climate science for national adaptation: A case study of climate projections in UNFCCC's National Communications', Environmental Science and Policy, vol. 101, pp. 16-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2019.07.015

APA

Skelton, M., Porter, J. J., Dessai, S., Bresch, D. N., & Knutti, R. (2019). Customising global climate science for national adaptation: A case study of climate projections in UNFCCC's National Communications. Environmental Science and Policy, 101, 16-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2019.07.015

Vancouver

Skelton M, Porter JJ, Dessai S, Bresch DN, Knutti R. Customising global climate science for national adaptation: A case study of climate projections in UNFCCC's National Communications. Environmental Science and Policy. 2019 Nov;101:16-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2019.07.015

Author

Skelton, Maurice ; Porter, James J. ; Dessai, Suraje ; Bresch, David N. ; Knutti, Reto. / Customising global climate science for national adaptation : A case study of climate projections in UNFCCC's National Communications. In: Environmental Science and Policy. 2019 ; Vol. 101. pp. 16-23.

Bibtex Download

@article{abf7169a067444cc9cc870d008d92c48,
title = "Customising global climate science for national adaptation: A case study of climate projections in UNFCCC's National Communications",
abstract = "Countries differ markedly in their production of climate science. While richer nations are often home to a variety of climate models, data infrastructures and climate experts, poorer sovereigns often lack these attributes. However, less is known about countries{\textquoteright} capacity to use global climate science and customise it into products informing national adaptation. We use a unique global dataset, the UNFCCC National Communications, to perform a global documentary analysis of scientific submissions from individual countries (n = 189). Comparing countries{\textquoteright} climate projections with their competence in publishing climate science, our research examines the existence of geographical divides. Although countries proficient in publishing climate science use more complex climate modelling techniques, key characteristics of climate projections are highly similar around the globe, including multi-model ensembles of Global Circulation Models (GCMs). This surprising result is made possible because of the use of pre-configured climate modelling software packages. One concern is that these tools restrict customisation, such as country-specific observations, modelling information, and visualisation. Such tools may therefore hide a new geographical divide where countries with higher scientific capacities are able to inform what goes into these software packages, whereas lower scientific capacity countries are dependent upon these choices – whether beneficial for them or not. Our research suggests that free-to-use modelling and training efforts may unwittingly restrict, rather than foster, countries{\textquoteright} capacity to customise global climate science into nationally relevant and legitimate climate information.",
keywords = "adaptation, climate information, Climate projections, climate scenarios, customisation of climate science, geographical imbalance",
author = "Maurice Skelton and Porter, {James J.} and Suraje Dessai and Bresch, {David N.} and Reto Knutti",
year = "2019",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.envsci.2019.07.015",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "16--23",
journal = "Environmental science & policy",
issn = "1462-9011",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Customising global climate science for national adaptation

T2 - A case study of climate projections in UNFCCC's National Communications

AU - Skelton, Maurice

AU - Porter, James J.

AU - Dessai, Suraje

AU - Bresch, David N.

AU - Knutti, Reto

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - Countries differ markedly in their production of climate science. While richer nations are often home to a variety of climate models, data infrastructures and climate experts, poorer sovereigns often lack these attributes. However, less is known about countries’ capacity to use global climate science and customise it into products informing national adaptation. We use a unique global dataset, the UNFCCC National Communications, to perform a global documentary analysis of scientific submissions from individual countries (n = 189). Comparing countries’ climate projections with their competence in publishing climate science, our research examines the existence of geographical divides. Although countries proficient in publishing climate science use more complex climate modelling techniques, key characteristics of climate projections are highly similar around the globe, including multi-model ensembles of Global Circulation Models (GCMs). This surprising result is made possible because of the use of pre-configured climate modelling software packages. One concern is that these tools restrict customisation, such as country-specific observations, modelling information, and visualisation. Such tools may therefore hide a new geographical divide where countries with higher scientific capacities are able to inform what goes into these software packages, whereas lower scientific capacity countries are dependent upon these choices – whether beneficial for them or not. Our research suggests that free-to-use modelling and training efforts may unwittingly restrict, rather than foster, countries’ capacity to customise global climate science into nationally relevant and legitimate climate information.

AB - Countries differ markedly in their production of climate science. While richer nations are often home to a variety of climate models, data infrastructures and climate experts, poorer sovereigns often lack these attributes. However, less is known about countries’ capacity to use global climate science and customise it into products informing national adaptation. We use a unique global dataset, the UNFCCC National Communications, to perform a global documentary analysis of scientific submissions from individual countries (n = 189). Comparing countries’ climate projections with their competence in publishing climate science, our research examines the existence of geographical divides. Although countries proficient in publishing climate science use more complex climate modelling techniques, key characteristics of climate projections are highly similar around the globe, including multi-model ensembles of Global Circulation Models (GCMs). This surprising result is made possible because of the use of pre-configured climate modelling software packages. One concern is that these tools restrict customisation, such as country-specific observations, modelling information, and visualisation. Such tools may therefore hide a new geographical divide where countries with higher scientific capacities are able to inform what goes into these software packages, whereas lower scientific capacity countries are dependent upon these choices – whether beneficial for them or not. Our research suggests that free-to-use modelling and training efforts may unwittingly restrict, rather than foster, countries’ capacity to customise global climate science into nationally relevant and legitimate climate information.

KW - adaptation

KW - climate information

KW - Climate projections

KW - climate scenarios

KW - customisation of climate science

KW - geographical imbalance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069694785&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envsci.2019.07.015

DO - 10.1016/j.envsci.2019.07.015

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85069694785

VL - 101

SP - 16

EP - 23

JO - Environmental science & policy

JF - Environmental science & policy

SN - 1462-9011

ER -

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