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Customising Global Climate Science for National Adaptation: A Case Study of UNFCCC’s National Communications

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Customising Global Climate Science for National Adaptation: A Case Study of UNFCCC’s National Communications. / Skelton, Maurice ; Porter, James; Dessai, Suraje; Bresch, David; Knutti, Reto.

In: Environmental science & policy, Vol. 101, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Skelton, M, Porter, J, Dessai, S, Bresch, D & Knutti, R 2019, 'Customising Global Climate Science for National Adaptation: A Case Study of UNFCCC’s National Communications', Environmental science & policy, vol. 101.

APA

Skelton, M., Porter, J., Dessai, S., Bresch, D., & Knutti, R. (2019). Customising Global Climate Science for National Adaptation: A Case Study of UNFCCC’s National Communications. Environmental science & policy, 101.

Vancouver

Skelton M, Porter J, Dessai S, Bresch D, Knutti R. Customising Global Climate Science for National Adaptation: A Case Study of UNFCCC’s National Communications. Environmental science & policy. 2019;101.

Author

Skelton, Maurice ; Porter, James ; Dessai, Suraje ; Bresch, David ; Knutti, Reto. / Customising Global Climate Science for National Adaptation: A Case Study of UNFCCC’s National Communications. In: Environmental science & policy. 2019 ; Vol. 101.

Bibtex Download

@article{d7900d1e23db451993f8ab94465804c0,
title = "Customising Global Climate Science for National Adaptation: A Case Study of UNFCCC{\textquoteright}s National Communications",
abstract = "Countries differ markedly in their production of climate science. While richer nations are often home to a variety of climate models, data infrastructures and climate experts, poorer sovereigns often lack these attributes. However, less is known about countries{\textquoteright} capacity to use global climate science and customise it into products informing national adaptation. We use a unique global dataset, the UNFCCC National Communications, to perform a global documentary analysis of scientific submissions from individual countries (n = 189). Comparing countries{\textquoteright} climate projections with their competence in publishing climate science, our research examines the existence of geographical divides. Although countries proficient in publishing climate science use more complex climate modelling techniques, key characteristics of climate projections are highly similar around the globe, including multi-model ensembles of Global Circulation Models (GCMs). This surprising result is made possible because of the use of pre-configured climate modelling software packages. One concern is that these tools restrict customisation, such as country-specific observations, modelling information, and visualisation. Such tools may therefore hide a new geographical divide where countries with higher scientific capacities are able to inform what goes into these software packages, whereas lower scientific capacity countries are dependent upon these choices – whether beneficial for them or not. Our research suggests that free-to-use modelling and training efforts may unwittingly restrict, rather than foster, countries{\textquoteright} capacity to customise global climate science into nationally relevant and legitimate climate information.",
author = "Maurice Skelton and James Porter and Suraje Dessai and David Bresch and Reto Knutti",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
journal = "Environmental science & policy",
issn = "1462-9011",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Customising Global Climate Science for National Adaptation: A Case Study of UNFCCC’s National Communications

AU - Skelton, Maurice

AU - Porter, James

AU - Dessai, Suraje

AU - Bresch, David

AU - Knutti, Reto

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Countries differ markedly in their production of climate science. While richer nations are often home to a variety of climate models, data infrastructures and climate experts, poorer sovereigns often lack these attributes. However, less is known about countries’ capacity to use global climate science and customise it into products informing national adaptation. We use a unique global dataset, the UNFCCC National Communications, to perform a global documentary analysis of scientific submissions from individual countries (n = 189). Comparing countries’ climate projections with their competence in publishing climate science, our research examines the existence of geographical divides. Although countries proficient in publishing climate science use more complex climate modelling techniques, key characteristics of climate projections are highly similar around the globe, including multi-model ensembles of Global Circulation Models (GCMs). This surprising result is made possible because of the use of pre-configured climate modelling software packages. One concern is that these tools restrict customisation, such as country-specific observations, modelling information, and visualisation. Such tools may therefore hide a new geographical divide where countries with higher scientific capacities are able to inform what goes into these software packages, whereas lower scientific capacity countries are dependent upon these choices – whether beneficial for them or not. Our research suggests that free-to-use modelling and training efforts may unwittingly restrict, rather than foster, countries’ capacity to customise global climate science into nationally relevant and legitimate climate information.

AB - Countries differ markedly in their production of climate science. While richer nations are often home to a variety of climate models, data infrastructures and climate experts, poorer sovereigns often lack these attributes. However, less is known about countries’ capacity to use global climate science and customise it into products informing national adaptation. We use a unique global dataset, the UNFCCC National Communications, to perform a global documentary analysis of scientific submissions from individual countries (n = 189). Comparing countries’ climate projections with their competence in publishing climate science, our research examines the existence of geographical divides. Although countries proficient in publishing climate science use more complex climate modelling techniques, key characteristics of climate projections are highly similar around the globe, including multi-model ensembles of Global Circulation Models (GCMs). This surprising result is made possible because of the use of pre-configured climate modelling software packages. One concern is that these tools restrict customisation, such as country-specific observations, modelling information, and visualisation. Such tools may therefore hide a new geographical divide where countries with higher scientific capacities are able to inform what goes into these software packages, whereas lower scientific capacity countries are dependent upon these choices – whether beneficial for them or not. Our research suggests that free-to-use modelling and training efforts may unwittingly restrict, rather than foster, countries’ capacity to customise global climate science into nationally relevant and legitimate climate information.

UR - https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901119305416

M3 - Article

VL - 101

JO - Environmental science & policy

JF - Environmental science & policy

SN - 1462-9011

ER -

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