Cyclical etidronate therapy for prevention of postmenopausal bone loss: A 1-year open-label follow-up study

I Fogelman, R J M Herd, G M Blake, R Balena

Research output: Contribution to journalConference paper

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the pharmacological activity of cyclical etidronate therapy is sustained beyond the dosing period. A group of 121 postmenopausal women who had completed a 2-year, double-blind, placebo-controled parallel study with etidronate or placebo (400 mg/day for 14 days every 3 months) and calcium agreed to participate in a 1-year open-label follow-up study to evaluate the effect of discontinuing etidronate treatment. Fifty-nine subjects in the former etidronate group and 62 in the placebo group received 500 mg/day of elemental calcium; 54/59 and 58/62 subjects, respectively, completed the study. Outcomes of the study were bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual energy Xray absorptiometry (DXA), and biochemical markers of bone turnover (urinary deoxypyridinoline/creatinine and serum osteocalcin). To determine whether there was a residual effect of previous therapy we compared mean percentage changes from baseline (year 0) to year 3 for both spinal and femoral neck BMD and markers of bone turnover in the former cyclical etidronate and placebo groups. To evaluate the carryover effect of treatment we compared the percent change from year 2 to year 3 for the same variables. Mean percentage change (SEM) from year 2 to year 3 for spinal BMD in the former cyclical etidronate group was -2.87% (0.48%) versus -0.99% (0.36%) in the placebo group (P = 0.0022). in the femoral neck, the BMD changes were -0.86% (0.42%) versus -1.01% (0.41%) (NS). Biochemical markers increased within 6 months toward baseline levels. Mean percentage changes from baseline (year 0) in both spinal and femoral neck BMD were significantly different between groups 1 year after treatment discontinuation. No differences between groups were maintained in deoxypyridinoline and osteocalcin. It is concluded that following withdrawal of cyclical etidronate therapy bone loss resumes at a normal and moderately accelerated rate in the proximal femur and lumbar spine, respectively. A positive effect on BMD at both cortical and trabecular sites is maintained for 1 year after treatment withdrawal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348 - 354
Number of pages7
JournalCalcified Tissue International
Volume66
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Event19th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-for-Bone-and-Mineral-Research - CINCINNATI, OHIO
Duration: 1 Jan 2000 → …

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