Cytochrome P450IID6-specific CD8 T cell immune responses mirror disease activity in autoimmune hepatitis type 2

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    Abstract

    Autoimmune hepatitis type 2 (AIH-2) is a severe organ-specific disorder characterized by liver kidney microsomal antibody type I targeting cytochrome P4502D6 (CYP2D6). Growing evidence implicates the involvement of CD8 T cell immune responses in its pathogenesis. We investigated CYP2D6-specific CD8 T cell human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2 restricted responses in AIH-2 (20 patients, 11 HLA-A2+). Binding affinity of CYP2D6 peptides to HIA-A2 was predicted by the algorithm SYFPEITHI and assessed in vivo by T2 cell assays. CD8 T cell interferon (IFN)-gamma production was assessed via intracellular cytokine staining, cytotoxicity via chromium release assay, and frequency of circulating and intrahepatic CYP2D6-specific CD8 T cells via tetramer staining. CYP2D6-specific CD8 T cell reactivity was tested at diagnosis and during treatment and correlated with indices of disease activity. Seven CYp2D6 peptides with high HLA-A2 binding affinity colocalizing with known B cell or CD4 T cell epitopes were selected. Five sequences inducing high levels of IFN-gamma were used for HLA-A2 tetramer construction. Frequency, IFN-gamma production, and cytotoxicity of CYP2D6-specific CD8 T cells were higher at diagnosis than during treatment. Intensity of CYP2D6-specific CD8 T cell responses correlated with disease activity. Immune responses to CW2D6(245-254) were the strongest both at diagnosis and during treatment. Conclusion: HLA-A2-restricted, CYP2D6-specific CD8 T cell immune responses vary according to disease stage and correlate with hepatocyte damage. CD8 T cell targets on CYP2D6 - in particular CYP2D6(245-254) - may be the focus of novel immune intervention in AIH-2
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)472 - 484
    Number of pages13
    JournalHepatology
    Volume46
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007

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