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Dairy as a Source of Iodine and Protein in the UK: Implications for Human Health Across the Life Course, and Future Policy and Research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Oliver Witard, S C Bath, M Dineva, L Sellem, Ana-Isabel Mulet-Cabero, Laura H van Dongen, Ju-Sheng Zheng, Carina Valenzuela, Benoit Smeuninx

Original languageEnglish
Article number800559
JournalFrontiers in Nutrition
Early online date10 Feb 2022
Accepted/In press2022
E-pub ahead of print10 Feb 2022
Published10 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: We would like to thank the Rank Prize Funds for the organization of the Nutrition Mini Symposium, from which came the idea for this review. Iin particular we thank Prof Ian Givens and Prof Christine Williams for their suggestions and insights during the development of the paper. We would like to express our gratitude to Dr. Eirini Trichia for her insights. Finally, we would like to extend our gratitude to all the symposium attendees and organizers. Publisher Copyright: Copyright © 2022 Witard, Bath, Dineva, Sellem, Mulet-Cabero, Dongen, Zheng, Valenzuela and Smeuninx.

King's Authors


This narrative review summarizes key concepts in dairy nutrition for supporting human health throughout the life course. Milk and dairy products have been a staple component of our diet for thousands of years and provide a wide range of important nutrients that are otherwise difficult to obtain from dairy-free diets. In this review, we provide a broad perspective on the nutritional roles of iodine and dairy protein in supporting human health during pregnancy and early life, childhood and adolescence, mid- and later-life. New methodologies to identify biomarkers of dairy intake via high-throughput mass spectrometry are discussed, and new concepts such as the role of the food matrix in dairy nutrition are introduced. Finally, future policy and research related to the consumption of dairy and non-dairy alternatives for health are discussed with a view to improving nutritional status across the lifespan.

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