Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a potentially fatal small vessel vasculitis of unknown etiology, characterized by anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies, chronic inflammation, and granulomatous tissue damage. T cell dysregulation, comprising decreased regulatory T cell function and increased circulating effector memory follicular Th cells (TFH), is strongly associated with disease pathogenesis, but the mechanisms driving these observations are unknown. We undertook transcriptomic and functional analysis of naive CD4 T cells from patients with GPA to identify underlying functional defects that could manifest in the pathogenic profiles observed in GPA. Gene expression studies revealed a dysregulation of the IL-2 receptor β/JAK-STAT signaling pathway and higher expression of BCL6 and BCL6-regulated genes in GPA naive CD4 T cells. IL-2-induced STAT5 activation in GPA naive CD4 T cells was decreased, whereas STAT3 activation by IL-6 and IL-2 was unperturbed. Consistently, BCL6 expression was sustained following T cell activation of GPA naive CD4 T cells and in vitro TFH differentiation of these cells resulted in significant increases in the production TFH-related cytokines IL-21 and IL-6. Thus, naive CD4 T cells are dysregulated in patients with GPA, resulting from an imbalance in signaling equilibrium and transcriptional changes that drives the skewed pathogenic CD4 effector immune response in GPA.