Defence Intelligence and the Cold War: Britain's Joint Intelligence Bureau 1945-1964

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Abstract

During the Second World War British intelligence provided politicians and soldiers with invaluable knowledge; Britain was determined to maintain this advantage following victory. But the wartime machinery was uneconomical and unwieldy, and unsuitable for peace. Drawing on oral testimony, international archives, and private papers, this book provides the first history of the hitherto little-known organization designed to preserve and advance British capability in military and military-related intelligence for the Cold War: the Joint Intelligence Bureau. Headed by General Eisenhower’s wartime intelligence man, Major General Kenneth Strong, the JIB was central to the mission to spy on and understand the Soviet Union, and the broader Communist world. It did so from its creation in 1946 to its end in 1964, when it formed a central component of the new Defence Intelligence Staff. This book reveals hitherto hidden aspects of Britain’s mission to map the Soviet Union for nuclear war, the struggle to understand and contain the economies of the USSR, China, and North Korea in peace and during the Korean War, and the urgent challenge to understand the nature and scale of the Soviet bomber and missile threat in the 1950s and 1960s. The JIB’s dedicated work in these fields won it the support of some politicians and military men, but the enmity of others who saw the centralized organization as a threat to traditional military intelligence. The intelligence officers of the JIB waged Cold War not only with Communist adversaries but also in Whitehall.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages256
ISBN (Electronic)9781322200897
ISBN (Print)9780199657025
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Intelligence service
  • Great Britain
  • Secret service
  • Cold War
  • Espionage
  • Communist countries
  • Joint Intelligence Bureau
  • Military intelligence

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